Lipid Disorders

What are Lipid Disorders?

Your body uses cholesterol to perform many necessary functions, such as new cell formation. However, too much cholesterol can pose a significant risk to your cardiovascular health. High cholesterol elevates your chance of developing coronary heart disease, strokes, peripheral artery disease, and has been successfully linked to diabetes and hypertension.

What is the Difference Between Good and Bad Cholesterol?

We determine your total cholesterol count by examining the levels of four different types of cholesterol in your blood:

  • LDL (Bad) Cholesterol: LDL cholesterol is the primary culprit in plaque buildup on the walls of the arteries. As plaque accumulates, the arteries narrow, reducing the amount of blood and oxygen that can flow to the heart and brain.
  • HDL (Good) Cholesterol: High levels of HDL reduce your risk of having a heart attack while lower levels of HDL increase your risk. Cardiovascular experts have differing views on exactly how HDL actually helps protect your body. Some say HDL carries bad cholesterol away from the arteries and toward the liver for processing while others believe HDL simply slows the accumulation of plaque.
  • Triglycerides and Lp(a) Cholesterol: High levels of triglycerides and Lp(a) have been positively linked to obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, excess alcohol consumption, and high carbohydrate consumption and are associated with diabetes and coronary heart disease.

How Will My Cardiovascular Specialist Treat High Cholesterol?

First, you and your physician will have a candid discussion about realistic goals you can set for making positive lifestyle changes.  Adopting a diet high in fiber, fruits, and vegetables and low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and salt will help to lower your bad cholesterol levels. Additionally, embracing a regular exercise plan will help you lower your cholesterol, lose weight (if necessary), and feel much healthier.  Second, your physician will likely prescribe medications that helps to lower your abnormal lipid states.  

Talk to Your Acadiana Cardiologists About Your Heart Health

To schedule an appointment with Heart & Vascular Associates of Acadiana, please contact our office at (377) 534-4356. Our four offices proudly serve patients in the Lafayette community as well as the entire Acadiana region.